1 – Basis for inspection and quarantine
“Protocol between the Chinese Customs and the Quarantine Bureau of the Republic of Uzbekistan on the Phytosanitary Requirements for Uzbekistan Pomegranate Exported to China.”
2 – The name of the commodity allowed to be imported
pomegranate, as Punica granatum L.
3 – Allowed origin
Pomegranate production area in Uzbekistan.
4 – Approved orchards and packaging plants
Pomegranate orchards, packaging plants and cold storage facilities (if necessary) exported to China must be approved and registered by the Chinese Customs and the Inspection and Quarantine Bureau of the Republic of Uzbekistan. Registration information must include name, address and registration number.
Applicants should submit their applications to GACC and AQSIQ before the export season each year. If the list of applicants changes, Uzbekistan should provide the updated list to China in time. The approved list can be found on the Chinese website.
Before the first export season, Uzbekistan and China jointly reviewed registered orchards, packaging plants and production facilities.
List of non-existent pests:
Ectomyelois ceratoniae (Zeller)
Cydia pomonella (Linnaeus)
Euzophera bigella Zeller
Lepidosaphes ulmi (Linnaeus)
Lobesia botrana (Denis & Schiffermuller)
Mercetaspis halli (Green)
Planococcus ficus (Signoret)
Thielaviopsis basicola (Berk. & Broome) Ferraris
Verticillium dahliae Klebahn
Orchard management requirements before export:
Pomegranate orchards exported to China should establish and implement Good Agricultural Practice (GAP) certification or other international certification systems to ensure the traceability of the production process. Maintain the sanitary conditions of the orchard, remove rotten fruits during harvest, and implement integrated pest management (IPM), including pest monitoring and investigation, chemical or biological control, and agricultural operations.
For the pomegranate borer, codling moth, loquat black spot borer and grape flower winged moth, the pomegranate to China must come from the pest-free production areas of the above-mentioned pests or the orchard where comprehensive pest control is implemented.
Non-epidemic production area. The National Plant Protection Organization (NPPO) established a pest free production area in accordance with International Phytosanitary Standard No. 10 (ISPM10) to carry out pest monitoring (see attached for monitoring requirements), and was approved by China. If an epidemic occurs, Uzbekistan must notify the Chinese side within 48 hours and immediately initiate an emergency plan until the status of a non-epidemic production area is restored. Before trade starts, Uzbekistan must provide China with monitoring records for the most recent year.
Comprehensive pest control measures. Comprehensive pest control includes measures such as pest monitoring, black light trapping, misdirection technology, chemical control, biological control, and physical control. Bagging the pomegranate from the early stage of fruit setting to unpacking 7-10 days before the fruit is picked. Before exporting, each orchard must take 60 fruits for fruit splitting inspection. Once the above-mentioned harmful organisms are found, the orchard shall not be exported to China.
For tobacco root black rot and Verticillium dahlia/Verticillium dahliae, Uzbekistan should conduct an orchard survey every 15 days during the pomegranate growth period. Once it is determined that the above plant diseases have occurred, Uzbekistan must take chemical or biological control Measures.
Regarding the oyster shield scale, long shield scale hormansi and mealybug, the Uzbekistan side should monitor the registered orchards during the planting period of the pomegranate exported to China. Once the above-mentioned harmful organisms are found, chemical or biological control measures must be taken.
The pomegranate orchards exported to China must be monitored and controlled for harmful organisms and weeds under the guidance of Uzbek or the technical personnel authorized by Uzbekistan. Uzbekistan should keep monitoring and prevention records and provide them to China upon request. Control records should include detailed information such as the names, active ingredients, use dates, and use concentrations of all chemical agents used in the production season.
Packaging factory management:
The processing, packaging, storage and shipment of pomegranates to China must be carried out under quarantine supervision by authorized personnel from the Chinese or Uzbek side.
Before packaging pomegranates to China, they must be cleaned, selected and sorted to ensure that they are free of insects, mites and other harmful organisms; rotten fruits, deformed fruits, branches, leaves, roots and other plant residues and soil.
The pomegranate exported to China must be cleaned and inspected by technical personnel trained by the Uzbek side to remove the internal tissues of the persistent sepals of the pomegranate, and focus on checking whether there are symptoms of fruit-boring pests, and the suspicious samples should be dissected and inspected. If fruit damaged by pomegranate borer, codling moth, loquat moth, and grape flower-winged moth are found, the relevant orchard shall not be exported to China.
Packed pomegranates for export to China should be put in the warehouse immediately if they need to be stored to avoid re-infection by harmful organisms. Goods with different quarantine conditions should be stored separately.
The packaging materials of pomegranate exported to China should be clean, hygienic, unused, and meet China’s relevant plant quarantine, safety and health requirements.
Each packing box should be marked in English with the name of the fruit, country, place of origin (region, province), orchard name, or packing factory name registration number and other information.
Each box must be marked in Chinese or English (Exported to the People’s Republic of China).
The containers of pomegranates exported to China must be checked for good sanitary conditions when they are packed.
Quarantine before export:
Within two years after the agreement comes into effect, Chinese authorized personnel shall conduct sampling inspections on each batch of shipments to China at a rate of 2%. If there are no phytosanitary problems within two years, the sampling ratio will be reduced to 1%. The authorized personnel of Uzbekistan shall select 30 fruits from the samples for fruit splitting inspection.
If live harmful organisms are found, the entire shipment shall not be exported to China. Uzbek officials should suspend relevant orchards and packaging plants, find out the reasons, and take improvement measures. At the same time, the seizure records will be kept and provided to the Chinese side.
Phytosanitary certificate requirements:
If pomegranates pass the quarantine before shipment, Uzbekistan shall issue a phytosanitary certificate, indicate the container number, and fill in the following additional statement:“THIS CONSIGNMENT OF POMEGRANATES COMPLIES WITH THE PROTOCOL OF PHYTOSANITARY REQUIREMENTS FOR THE EXPORT OF FRESH POMEGRANATE FROM THE REPUBLIC OF UZBEKSTAN TO THE PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA, AND IS FREE FROM ANY QUARANTINE PESTS OF CONCERN TO CHINA.”
Quarantine upon arrival at Chinese ports:
When pomegranate arrives at the port of entry in China, China Customs shall implement quarantine in accordance with the following requirements.
Registration number, certificate and logo verification.
Check whether the label on the packaging box meets the standard requirements.
If it is found to come from an unapproved orchard or packaging plant, the batch of pomegranates shall not be imported.
If any live pomegranate borers, loquat borers, codling moths and grape flower-winged moths of concern to China are found, the goods shall be returned or destroyed.
If other quarantine pests are found, they must undergo quarantine and disinfection treatment at the port of entry, and those that pass the quarantine and disinfection treatment are allowed to enter the country.
If there is no effective treatment method, or the inspection does not meet the Chinese food safety and sanitation standards, the batch of goods shall be returned or destroyed.