What is aqsiq ?
General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of the People’s Republic of China (AQSIQ) is a ministerial, administrative organ directly under the State Council of the People’s Republic of China in charge of national quality, metrology,commodity inspection, entry-exit health quarantine, entry-exit animal and plant quarantine, import-export Food safety, certification and accreditation, standardization, as well as administrative law-enforcement.
How many of Organizational Structure in aqsiq ?
AQSIQ has 19 in-house departments, i.e. General Office, Department of Legislation, Department of Quality Management, Department of Metrology, Department of Inspection and Quarantine Clearance, Department of Supervision on Health Quarantine, Department of Supervision on Animal and Plant Quarantine, Department of Supervision on Inspection, Bureau of Import and Export Food Safety, Bureau of Special Equipment Safety Supervision, Department of Supervision on Product Quality, Department of Supervision on Food Production, Department of Law Enforcement and Supervision (AQSIQ Office of Fight against Counterfeits), Department of International Cooperation(WTO Affairs Office), Department of Science and Technology, Department of Personnel, Department of Planning and Finance, Party Committee PC Office and Bureau of Retiree Cadres, In addition, assigned by the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection of CPC and the Ministry of Supervision, a Discipline Inspection Team and the Inspection Bureau resident permanently in AQSIQ.
Cooperation between AQSIQ departments
AQSIQ undertakes to administrate the Certification and Accreditation Administration of the PR China (CNCA) and the Standardization Administration of the PR China (SAC). Both authorized by the State Council CNCA is a vice-ministerial-level department, exercising the administrative responsibilities by undertaking unified management, supervision and overall coordination of certification and accreditation activities across the country, and SAC, which is also a vice-ministerial-level department, performs nationwide administrative responsibilities and carries out unified management for standardization across the country.
AQSIQ will form an independent electronic pass system with China Customs and CIQ, responsible for all import and export declarations and inspections.
It is planned to start running new institutions and electronic systems on January 1, 2019.
15 direct affiliates with AQSIQ
which offer technical support for AQSIQ decision-making and implementing. AQSIQ Service Center, AQSIQ information Center, Research Center for international inspection and Quarantine Standard and Technical Regulation, China Bureau of Fiber Inspection, Chinese Academy for Inspection and Quarantine, China National Institute of Standardization (CNIS), National Institute of Metrology(NIM), China Quality Certification Center (CQC), China National Accreditation Service for Conformity Assessment, China Special Equipment Inspection and Research Center (CSEI), Human Resource Development and Training Center, China Quality News, China Inspection and Quarantine Times, Standards Press of China(SPC), and China Metrology Publishing House.
35 Entry-Exit Inspection and Quarantine Bureaus (CIQ) in China’s 31 provinces
AQSIQ has set up in total 35 Entry-Exit Inspection and Quarantine Bureaus (CIQ) in China’s 31 provinces, near 300 branches and more than 200 local offices across the country, with employees totaled over 30,000 in goods distributing center at sea ports, land ports and airports. AQSIQ provides direct leadership to all the CIQ, purpose to perform the function of entry-exit inspection and quarantine.
Formulated latest laws and regulations from aqsiq
AQSIQ takes the responsibility of organizing to draft the laws and regulations of quality supervision, inspection and quarantine, working out and announcing the relevant provisions and rules, organizing implementation of the laws and regulations concerning quality supervision, inspection and quarantine, and, guiding and supervising administration and law enforcement of quality supervision, inspection and quarantine.
AQSIQ exercises its functions of quality supervision, inspection and quarantine primarily on the basis of the following laws and regulations,
The Law of the People’s Republic of China on Import and Export Commodity Inspection,
The Law of the People’s Republic of China on the Entry and Exit Animal and Plant Quarantine,
Frontier Health and Quarantine Law of the People’s Republic of China,
Food Hygiene Law of the People’s Republic of China,
The Law on Product Quality of the People’s Republic of China,
The Law on Metrology of the People’s Republic of China,
The Standardization Law of the People’s Republic of China,
Regulations for the Implementation of the Law of the People’s Republic of China on Import and Export Commodity Inspection,
Regulations for the Implementation of the Law of the People’s Republic of China on the Entry and Exit Animal and Plant Quarantine,
Specific Rules for Enforcing the Frontier Health and Quarantine Law of the People’s Republic of China,
Regulation of the People’s Republic of China on Certification and Accreditation,
Regulation on Origin of Import and Export Goods of the People’s Republic of China,
Specific Rules for Enforcing the Law on Metrology of the People’s Republic of China,
Regulations for the Implementation of the Standardization Law of the People’s Republic of China,
Regulations on Safety Supervision of Special Equipment,
Regulations on Certificate for Industrial Products,
Inspection Measures on the Landing In-and Off of International Voyage Shipping on the Ports of the P.R.C.
Quality Management at aqsiq
In accordance with the Law on Product Quality of the People’s Republic of China and the corresponding Regulations for Implementation, AQSIQ organizes the implementation of state policies and measures on quality advancement, provides macroscopical guidance to quality work all over the country, organizes the implementation of the State Quality Award system and the promotion of the strategy of Famous Brand Names, organizes the introduction of advanced expertise and scientific methods of quality management, undertakes the formulation of the rules on quality supervision for major engineering equipment, enforces the recall system for defective products, promotes the development of Revitalizing the City through Quality, organizes the assessment of state macroscopical quality level, organizes the establishment of enterprise quality credit, organizes the professional qualification examination of technical personnel on quality, organizes the investigation in major accidents of product quality and offers comments of rectification, and is responsible for the supervision and management of product anti-counterfeiting.
Management of Metrology at aqsiq
According to the Law on Metrology and its implementation regulations, AQSIQ conducts inspection, supervision and management on imported and exported measurement instruments. The function of AQSIQ in this regard mainly includes, the approval for the model of imported measurement instruments, the examination and approval of imported measurement instruments, the verification of imported measurement instruments, etc. It is the function of AQSIQ to popularize legal metrology units and national metrological system. It is also the responsibility of AQSIQ to organize establishing, approving and administering primary national metrological standards and reference materials, to work out national verification system for metrological instruments, verification standards and procedures, and technical standards for measurement, and to organize unit value dissemination. AQSIQ is also responsible to standardize and supervise measuring behavior for commodity quantity.
Author: By on January 28th, 2021 – Update
Posted in: What is aqsiq, aqsiq blog, aqsiq law policy, aqsiq news, what is CIQ, what is GACC
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